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Silicon Carbide (SiC) boasts exceptional properties that make it highly desired in many applications, from power electronics in electric vehicles to semiconductor electronics in general. SiC’s wide bandgap semiconductor properties boast lower resistance at higher temperatures for smaller and faster power conversion systems with greater energy efficiency.

SiC is naturally found in minute quantities in meteorites, corundum and kimberlite deposits; however, most commercial silicon carbide production takes place synthetically.

Physical Properties

Silicon Carbide (SiC) is an exceptionally strong and hard ceramic compound with a Mohs hardness rating close to diamond, offering excellent thermal and electrical conductivity, an extremely high melting point, corrosion-resistance and thermal expansion resistance – properties which make it suitable for high performance engineering applications like pump bearings, valves, sandblasting injectors or extrusion dies. As an electrical conductor and semiconductor material it also boasts excellent resistance properties; SiC’s resistance being 10x greater than that of silicon (Si), as well as voltage resistance being higher.

SiC is a close-packed material made up of carbon and silicon atoms covalently bound into tetrahedral structures by covalent bonds, connected at their corners with covalent bonds to form polytypes, linked together at corners to form polyhedra that stack in polar structures called polytypes, the crystal structures of which determine their physical properties; SiC is insoluble in water but soluble in alkalis like NaOH or KOH as well as iron.

Solid state material offers excellent electrical properties and can be made into either a conductor or an insulator depending on its bandgap width; electrons move easily between valence and conduction bands due to this wide gap; in comparison, insulators typically possess very large bandgaps requiring considerable amounts of energy for electrons to leap the gap and gain passageway into conduction bands.

SiC is notable for its wide bandgap, which allows it to withstand very high temperatures without melting, making it perfect for industrial furnaces or rocket engines. Furthermore, SiC’s radiation resistance allows it to absorb and retain thermal energy for extended periods.

As such, SiC is an ideal material for space technology due to its resistance to extreme temperatures and radiation exposure. For instance, Europe’s first exploration of Mercury, BepiColombo, utilizes blocking SiC diodes developed by Alter Technology – an electronics specialist dedicated to space environments – as part of their bepiColombo mission – these diodes increase efficiency of inverters for electric vehicles by improving driving range. Additionally, SiC’s excellent electric properties also allow electric vehicle inverters to increase driving range significantly

Хімічні властивості

Silicon carbide (SiC) is an non-oxide ceramic material with many desirable chemical and physical properties, including resistance to heat, abrasion, corrosion and density. As a dense material with a high melting point it makes an ideal material for high temperature applications; additionally its cost compares favourably with other ceramics materials; its formability enables various shapes to be formed into various grades including alpha (a-SiC) and beta variants of SiC polymorphs that have recently made inroads into market; more commonly used variant being the alpha variant; recently however its beta variant counterpart has made significant inroads into market share gains as more commercial use occurs a-SiC forms continue their dominance over time!

SiC is a highly versatile material, used for applications ranging from abrasives and cutting tools, structural materials (bulletproof vests and car brake disks), refractory bricks, lightning arresters and mirror material in astronomical telescopes. Furthermore, SiC’s wide bandgap allows electrons to more freely move from its valence bands into its conduction bands, leading to higher switching electric fields with faster power conversion rates and increased energy efficiency.

Due to the various arrangements of carbon and silicon atoms within its crystal structure, each polytype of SiC exhibits its own set of unique electrical characteristics. While all SiC acts as an insulator at room temperature, with proper doping it can become either a p-type or an n-type semiconductor.

Silicon carbide’s resistance to high temperatures and voltage makes it an indispensable material in the production of semiconductor electronic devices, but it has also found application in applications such as furnace thermocouples and fluidized bed reactors.

Silicon carbide occurs naturally as the gemstone moissanite; however, since 1893 it has been mass produced as both powder and crystal form to be used as an abrasive. Cut into gemstones of various colors using cutting machines; single crystals grown using Lely’s method as diamond simulants or semiconductors can also be produced this way; silicon carbide also can be smelted to produce highly durable ceramics used for applications requiring high endurance such as car brakes, clutches and bulletproof vests.

Механічні властивості

Silicon carbide (SiC) is an advanced semiconductor material composed of carbon (C) and silicon (Si), making up a solid semiconductor compound semiconductor material with excellent mechanical properties and thermal, chemical and mechanical stability. SiC’s polymorphic structures exhibit different physical characteristics; with 4H-SiC being one such polytype which offers low internal losses while still offering dynamic characteristics suitable for high temperature environments.

SiC is distinguished by a tetrahedral structure comprised of silicon and carbon atoms held together by strong covalent bonds within its crystal lattice, giving it its hardness, strength, and durability. As one of the hardest known substances (tougher even than moissanite and diamond), SiC ranks amongst one of the hardest substances. SiC can be easily formed into various products through various processes and is used widely in modern lapidary. Furthermore, SiC serves as an abrasive in many machining industries including grinding, water jet cutting and sandblasting operations.

Refractory ceramic materials like Pyrite have excellent corrosion and high-temperature stability, making them suitable for use in fire bricks and other refractory ceramic applications such as fire bricks. With high melting points of more than 2000degC, refractory ceramics offer good oxidation resistance and decomposition resistance at elevated temperatures, making it a useful material.

Ideal for use in extreme environments such as molten glass and furnace environments and applications operating at very high temperatures such as power generation or electronics, this material also boasts an extremely high Young’s modulus which allows it to withstand compressive loads with great strength.

SiC is unlike many ceramics because it does not absorb moisture, making it an excellent material to use for structural applications (bulletproof vests and car brakes) as well as in astronomy (where mirrors for telescopes are made from SiC). Furthermore, using the Lely process it can also be produced into single crystal boules for advanced electronic applications that are then cut up into wafers before being processed into solid state devices.

Electrical Properties

Silicon carbide’s chemical purity, strength retention at high temperatures and electrical conduction properties make it a popular choice as wafer tray supports and paddles in semiconductor furnaces. Furthermore, silicon carbide has many uses such as resistive heater elements in electric furnaces as well as components of temperature variable resistors (thermistors) and voltage variable resistors (varistors). Furthermore, silicon carbide’s robust nature also makes it suitable for harsh environments like foundries, metallurgical production lines, mold making facilities, mold liners trough liners among others.

Silicon Carbide is a black-grey to green powder or solid grey material that is insoluble in water, alcohol and acids. With a specific density of 3.21 g/cm3, this makes Silicon Carbide denser than common ceramics but less dense than some metals; yet remains highly resistant to chemical attacks and corrosion in many environments.

Lithium has a melting point of 3,200 degC and boiling point of 1,650 degC. It is an inert, hard and brittle material with excellent thermal conductivity that resists shock and impact damage, machined through conventional methods like grinding, honing, sawing and water jet cutting; making it an integral component in modern lapidary using its hardness for cutting gemstones. Furthermore, lithium plays an essential role in creating high temperature applications crucibles like those manufactured from tungsten carbide alloy.

Conductors permit electricity to flow continuously; semiconductors only exhibit semi-conducting properties when stimulated by electric currents or electromagnetic fields. SiC is generally an insulator; however, when doped with phosphorus, nitrogen, boron or aluminum dopants, its semiconductor properties come alive and it exhibits conductivity. With three times wider bandgap than typical silicon semiconductors, SiC can handle higher voltages and frequencies with ease.

While naturally occurring moissanite is rare on Earth, most commercial silicon carbide sold commercially is synthetic. Silicon carbide can more commonly be found in outer space as part of stardust falling from carbon-rich stars than here on Earth; additionally it is often present within kimberlite ore deposits used to mine diamonds.

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