Silicon Carbide Applications

Silicon carbide (SiC) possesses an unusual crystal structure. It contains four Si and four C atoms in an ordered coordination tetrahedral arrangement with layers stacked into polytypes forming its primary coordination tetrahedron.

Electrically, silicon carbide has the ability to withstand voltages five-ten times higher than silicon. This makes it an excellent material choice for power devices.


Silicon carbide can withstand the high temperatures and voltages necessary to operate modern electronics, and is also an efficient semiconductor material compared to silicon. This efficiency helps reduce battery-operated device size and cost.

Silicon carbide stands out from silicon due to its much closer energy gap between its valence and conduction bands, enabling electrons to pass more readily between these bands compared with silicon, thus handling nearly ten times as much electrical current than comparable devices made with silicon can.

Engineers can produce cubic silicon carbide by sintering SiC powder combined with non-oxide binders. Furthermore, SiC crystals may also be grown through chemical vapor deposition. A special mix of gases are fed into a vacuum chamber before being deposited onto substrates for this technique.

Silicon carbide’s physical properties, which include hard and durable surfaces, as well as its resistance to acid, make it an excellent abrasive material for industrial machining processes such as lapidary. Carborundum grit can also be found used in collagraph printmaking where it is applied directly onto an aluminium plate, inked and then pressed onto paper for printing purposes.

Bulletproof Armor

Silicon carbide ceramics make an excellent body armor choice because of their ability to absorb projectile energy and slow them down, thus decreasing injury or death risks. Their lightweight nature provides greater mobility and comfort to wearers while their high hardness enables it to withstand threats such as bullets and armor-piercing rounds as well as high velocity fragments.

Body armor made of silicon carbide is available to both military personnel and law enforcement officers for protection from firearms and edged weapons threats. Before it can be sold to end-users or manufacturers alike, silicon carbide armor must go through rigorous testing procedures that verify it meets international standards.

Silicon carbide body armor offers several key advantages over its metal counterparts, including superior heat resistance that protects it from deforming under impact and the high hardness and tensile strength of silicon carbide’s material which keep its plate intact even when hit by bullets, thus avoiding fracture or break.

The Cook patent details all the classic principles of ceramic composite armour, from using multiple alumina tiles as mosaic to maximize multihit capability to rigid backing and the concept of fracture conoid. While most ceramics are easily destroyed by shaped charges, this particular design of alumina-backed silicon carbide plates was able to withstand all its force during tests with shaped charges; making it suitable for police vehicles and civilian special purpose vehicles alike.

Energy Supply

Silicon (Si) semiconductors work well in low-powered electronics, but their limitations become evident as devices operate at higher temperatures, voltages, and frequencies. Silicon carbide (SiC) offers superior performance than Si in such circuits due to its larger energy bandgap that can withstand higher temperatures and better thermal management properties.

Silicon carbide technology also allows electronic components to be smaller and run more quickly, thanks to its excellent resistance to electricity voltage fluctuations ten times that of traditional silicon and gallium nitride in systems exceeding 1000V. Therefore, silicon carbide power devices are perfect for electric vehicles (EVs), solar inverters, and other renewable energy systems.

Carborundum (Ceram), is the crystalline form of silicon carbide. Produced since 1893 as an abrasive, Ceram also plays an integral part in bulletproof vest ceramic plates and boasts one of the hardest materials second only to diamond. Machining this material to precise tolerances requires high levels of skill as various grinding and lapping techniques can be utilized; once finished products have passed thorough inspections to ensure their mechanical properties and safety standards.

Mechanical Applications

Silicon carbide has long been considered an invaluable industrial abrasive due to its extreme hardness and toughness, making it useful in grinding or cutting materials with low tensile strengths, including glass, ceramics, stone and refractory. Due to its resilience under extreme conditions it has proven popular as an abrasive wheel material; additionally it’s durability makes it integral component in modern lapidary equipment for carving and polishing gemstones, including moissanite.

PEEK is chemically inert and highly resistant to corrosion at high temperatures. Additionally, its very high modulus of elasticity ensures excellent dimensional stability; with high compressive strength, low porosity, and zero pore density properties making it the perfect material for mechanical seals and bearings; making it especially useful in pump/drive systems that need to contend with aggressive media.

Silicon carbide can be utilized in an extensive array of solid-state devices. Due to its crystalline structure and unusual electrical properties, silicon carbide stands out from its competitors by performing as both P-type semiconductor and N-type semiconductor depending on temperature and application – an advantageous feature which makes this material perfect for applications including refractory linings, electric furnaces, ceramics and more.

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