Silicon Carbide Powder

SiC is an extremely hard and refractory material with great wear resistance and corrosion protection, along with relatively low thermal expansion and conductivity properties, making it an attractive material choice for power electronics applications.

Melted silica sand combined with coke carbon in an electric resistance furnace is processed into a very hard powder that can be formed into various shapes by bonding and grinding/honing processes, producing highly versatile applications for use as grinding media and honing tools.


Silicon carbide powder, commonly referred to as black silicon carbide, is an extremely useful abrasive that boasts impressive versatility across industrial applications. Made of silicon and carbon, its impressive hardness rivals that of diamond and its thermal conductivity ranks second only to copper’s; additionally it exhibits low thermal expansion rates as well as being highly resistant to acid corrosion corrosion attacks.

Silicon carbide’s crystal structure consists of covalently bonded tetrahedra made up of four silicon and four carbon atoms. This creates an exceptionally strong structure, leading to its hard and durable nature. Furthermore, water and alcohol don’t dissolve it easily yet it can withstand temperatures up to 1600degC without warping or breaking.

Silicon carbide becomes a semiconductor when dopants like boron or aluminum are added, enabling it to be used in electronics such as light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and transistors.

Silicon carbide, as the hardest common abrasive grain, can be utilized in numerous applications from precise lapping and polishing, sawing quartz, bonding bonded abrasives together, pressure blasting (wet or dry), flattening stones with black silicon carbide grains sprinkled onto them to help remove scratches or blemishes, to maintaining water stone hardness for longer and cutting more quickly while keeping a uniform finish smooth and uniform.

Thermal Conductivity

Silicon Carbide (SiC) is an inorganic compound of silicon and carbon produced synthetically through mass production since 1893 for use as an abrasive and electrical devices such as light emitting diodes (LEDs) and detectors in early radio receivers. Furthermore, SiC is used in refractory linings, grinding wheels, cutting tools, wear-resistant applications as well as ceramic plates used in bulletproof vests due to its strength under high temperatures.

SiC is a semiconductor material with excellent thermal conductivity that can be doped with elements like boron and aluminum to make either p- or n-type devices. SiC’s high thermal conductivity makes it particularly suitable for high temperature applications, including induction heating systems and furnace linings.

American Elements manufactures silicon carbide for commercial and research applications in rod, bar, and plate form. Each silicon carbide product can be tailored specifically to customer specifications – even unique compositions tailored for specific applications or new proprietary technologies – offering ultra high purity forms, submicron powder and nanomaterials, targets for thin film deposition as well as pellets suitable for chemical vapor deposition/physical vapor deposition applications. American Elements’ silicon carbide also serves as the material of choice in electric vehicle power storage as it can withstand high voltages generated within inverter systems which increases driving distance while simultaneously decreasing battery size/weight by significantly decreasing battery management system size/weight while improving driving distance/ efficiency while decreasing battery management system size/weight by increasing inverter system output voltage output while decreasing weight/size/weight of battery management system components used.

Resistance to Chemicals

Silicon carbide is a tough synthetic ceramic material with outstanding physical and thermal properties. Mohs hardness rating 9 proves its strength properties while its excellent thermal conductivity and low coefficient of expansion makes it highly thermal conductive – properties which make it suitable for many industrial uses.

Loose aluminum oxide powder can be used as an abrasive for lapping applications or mixed with binders to form sheets, sticks and discs for more aggressive lapping tasks. Furthermore, this versatile substance can also be found in shot blast nozzles and cyclone components – also being utilized to manufacture high-temperature bricks and other refractory materials due to its exceptional hardness, thermal conductivity and chemical reaction resistance properties.

Silicon nitride and silicon carbide materials are both extremely resilient in environments containing dry oxygen, mixtures of hot gaseous vapors, molten metals, salts and coal slags. Corrosion resistance depends heavily on the nature and condition of coating applied to silicon nitride or silicon carbide surfaces; an oxide barrier applied as part of this may provide either protection or limitation from direct interaction of attacking species with substrate and limit oxidation rate of material over time.

SiC powder is manufactured using silica sand mixed with carbon sources such as petroleum coke in an open “Acheson” furnace at high temperatures, creating a crystalline formation of Silicon Carbide grains with either green or black coloring, depending on impurity levels in both forms of material. Green colored grains indicate less impurity levels compared with their black counterparts.

Electrical Conductivity

Silicon carbide boasts a wide band gap and high electron mobility, giving it the potential to be an electrically conducting material. Because it resists oxidation and temperatures up to 600F, silicon carbide heating elements could prove particularly suitable for electric vehicle heating elements.

Doping silicon carbide (the addition of impurities that alter its chemical structure) can alter its properties in various ways. Doping with aluminum, boron, gallium or nitrogen produces P-type semiconductors; conversely it can also be made into N-type semiconductors by adding impurities like phosphorus or niobium.

Silicon carbide’s most pure form is green; however, its production also takes the form of black or brown powder which is then sintered into various shapes and sizes for use in refractories, metal matrix composites, kiln furniture and grinding wheels – not forgetting grinding wheels themselves and metal cutting tools! In addition to these uses it also serves as an abrasive, used to line furnaces as a lining material and as an inorganic refractory material in nonferrous metal production.

Silicon carbide is an extremely hard, resilient manmade mineral with almost identical hardness to diamond. Due to its exceptional thermal conductivity and excellent strength at elevated temperatures, silicon carbide makes an excellent choice for applications requiring high strength at elevated temperatures such as grinding and honing operations, support shelving in higher temperature kilns or as support material in higher-temperature kilns.

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